ANIMAL FEEDS FORMULATION & PRODUCTION
Feed formulation is the process of quantifying the amounts of feed ingredients that need to be combined to form a single uniform mixture (diet) that supplies all of their nutrient requirements. Feed formulation, often referred to as least cost formulation, is the process of matching the nutrient requirements of a class of animals with the nutrient contents of the available ingredients (raw materials) in an economic manner. This requires in-depth understanding of the requirements of the animal, nutrient contents including digestibility values, and prices of the ingredients.
Feed formulation requires in-depth knowledge of animal nutrition, particularly the nutrient requirements and the nutrient composition of the ingredients. It also requires nutritionists to know whether using certain proportions of some ingredients will impact on issues such as feed flow through the mill, pellet quality of the diet, response of the diet to feed additives, or gut health of the animal. In some parts of the world, considerations such as the colour, smell and particle size of the feed are viewed as important by the feed buyer, despite that these factors may have little influence on the nutritional quality of the feed. Ultimately, feed formulation is about economics; for some operations, it probably means the best feed conversion efficiency of the animal, whereas for others it perhaps means least cost per unit of product output.
Feed formulation requires thorough understanding of the:
(a) Nutrient requirements of the class
(b) Feed ingredients
(c) Cost and availability of the ingredients.
The training will include the following content:
1. Feed resources
2. Feed compounders
3. Feed availability, composition and Cost
4. Feed formulation
5. Feed manufacture & manufacturing equipment
6. Feed storage
7. Feeding method
8. Feeding strategy
Training’s target audience:
Small scale farmers, Feed production personnel, entrepreneurs and other personnel involved in feed manufacturing.